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The knowledge about ancient period of the history of Tashkent is hazy, because the place where nowadays is a multimillion bustling capital of Uzbekistan, at that time for scientists and writers was the end of inhabited world. Ancient Persians called all nomadic tribes of Central Asia Saka. From documents of Achaemenids Empire it is known, that the tribes wandering 2,5 thousand years ago on the area of modern Tashkent, were called khaomavarga (honoring khaoma). In ancient cults of the East khaoma – special drink or incense for religious rite. However in the second half of 1 millennium BC inevitable historical progress called for new needs of “shepherds” and became a reason for change from nomadic to settled way of life and appearing first settlements at the border between Great Eurasian steppe corridor and internal parts of Central Asia. So arose Tashkent. Area of Tashkent was known in ancient times as Chach. In Chinese sources dated II-I c. BC traditional reading of hieroglyph, indicating this area - Yuni. Along irrigation canals (Anhor, Salar), derived from Chirchik River (ancient name Parak), within the borders of modern city first fortified settlements arose, remains of some of them preserved as little hills (tepe). It is considered that the most conclusive proof of existing the town in I century BC were found during excavation of Shash-tepe hill. Based on the results of this excavation, in 1983 symbolic date of 2000 years anniversary of Tashkent was established, which was supported by UNESCO. One of the earliest records of Tashkent area under name of Chach belongs to 262 BC – in victorious sign on pedestal of sanctuary in Naksh-i-Rustam on the south of modern Iran.
Now Tashkent is Central Asia’s premier metropolis, hub for traveling to Central Asia.
Tashkent subway map