Sackvoyage Tour Ltd. » Country profile » Bukhara
Bukhara - is one of the most ancient cities in Uzbekistan, originated on the sacred hill of spring sacrifices of Zoroastrians, which is mentioned in "Avesta" - holy book of Zoroastrianism. Legendary founder of Bukhara is considered to be divine Siyavush - hero from "Shakh name" and Zoroastrian pantheon. There is a hypothesis that by Sogdian times the town was known as Numijkant, later to be renamed after Sanskrit word for monastery, vikhara. But the city had several more names. Regarding the age of the city, it was even harder to determine it. In 1997 by the support of UNESCO the city celebrated symbolic 2500 anniversary. When the Arabs came to Central Asia, Bukhara already was big urban center, ruled by king's dynasty of Bukhar-Khudat, relied on dekhkans - rich landowners. Three times the city was taken and three times the city rebelled until finally it fell and Islam took hold here to flourish through centuries. At the end of 9 century Persian Dynasty of Samanids established in Bukhara and made it the capital of the country. During the reign of the Samanids Bukhara turned into cultural and scientific center of the whole Muslim world. The best poets, scientists and scholars lived and worked in Bukhara. In March 1220 the Mongol tide of calamity was spotted outside Bukhara's gates. Thirty thousand defensive troops sped to meet them and were slaughtered to a man. The town was put to the torch and razed to a level plain. It took a century for Bukhara to recover. The town glimmered again under the Timurids, but was never more than a faint shadow of Tamerlane's capital at Samarkand. In 1500 the Uzbek clan leader Mohammed Shaybani Khan entered Bukhara thus supplanting the Timurid line with his Uzbek dynasty. Later in 1785 another Uzbek dynasty from Mangyt tribe replaced Shaybinids and ruled the country till 1920 when Red Army conquered the city and proclaimed People's Republic of Bukhara.
Bukhara - museum on the open air, where about 170 architectural monuments of Middle Age have been preserved, the city of legends, Bukhara the Holy, Bukhara the Noble.